Physical therapy is a form of non-invasive discipline of healthcare that helps clients to develop, maintain and optimise body movement and everyday function. Physical therapy can help patients recover from an injury, relieve pain at present or prevent future injury. It can also be used to deal with several chronic condition. It can be applied at any age or stage of life. The ultimate objective of physical therapy is to enhance health and improve the quality of life. This treatment ensures ease of pain and discomfort to help the affected person move, function optimally and go about daily chores without hassles. Physical therapy can deal with and ease a variety of health problems.
Physical therapists are trained and licensed movement experts. The scope of physical therapy can encompass diagnosis and treatment of an entire range of injuries, disabilities, and health conditions. Physical therapists aim to improve a person’s movement, health and wellbeing and prevent further injury or disability. People of all ages can benefit from physical therapy.
A Physical therapist evaluates the condition of the affected person and develops a personalised plan that becomes a reference point for the therapy. They provide hands-on treatment for the symptoms. They also teach the patient specific exercises which help them with their mobility and improves their quality of life.
When faced with discomfort or pain, at times the patient can directly consult a physical therapist without a referral from any doctor or the specialist doctor might also prescribe this form of treatment after an operation or injury as a rehabilitation treatment. A physical therapist takes care of patients in all phases of healing, from initial diagnosis to restorative and preventive stages of recovery. Physical therapy may be a standalone option, or it may support other treatments.
According to the World Confederation for Physical Therapy, a physical therapist receives training that enables them to:
- conduct a physical exam and evaluation of a person’s movement, flexibility, muscle and joint motion, and performance, including finding out about their health history
- give a clinical diagnosis, prognosis, and plan of care with short- and long-term goals
- perform physical therapy treatment and intervention
- give self-management recommendations, including exercises a person can do at home
Depending on the reason of treatment, the physical therapy can be beneficial in the following:
- Relieving pain
- Improving movement or ability
- Prevention or recovery from a sports injury
- Prevention of disability
- Prevention of surgery
- Rehabilitation after a stroke or post accidents or injury
- Post-operative Rehabilitation for various conditions like shoulder operation, knee operation, hip joint replacement
- Improving body balance
- Enhancing and optimising core muscles
- Managing chronic illness like arthritis, PCOD, diabetes, cancer
- Pre-natal condition and Postpartum recovery
- Controlling bowels or bladder related issues
- Adapting to an artificial limb
- Learning to use devices line a cane or a walker to ease mobility and so on.
- Improving the performance of sports people.
Paediatric physical therapy, Geriatric physical therapy, Orthopaedic physical therapy, Cardiovascular and pulmonary types of physical therapy, Vestibular rehabilitation, Neurological physical therapy are various types of physical therapies which have gained popularity. Physical therapy exercises can therefore address a wide range of health concerns.
Physical therapy management may include some of the following depending on the requirement from case to case basis:
- specific exercises
- manual therapy and interventions
- usage of mechanical devices such as traction
- educating the patient
- electro-physical modalities including usage heat, cold, electricity, sound waves, radiation, assistive devices, prostheses, orthoses, and other interventions
VARDĀN is a Times Group wellness initiative in collaboration with the Institute of Physical Art, USA that introduces world-class Functional Manual Therapy® (FMTTM ) to India.
Functional Manual Therapy® (FMTTM ) @ VARDĀN is a system of physical therapy which offers highly skilled hands-on treatment for orthopaedic, neurological, and sports related dysfunctions from a whole-body perspective and optimum potential goal.
Functional Manual Therapy® (FMTTM ) is different from regular physical therapy as it combines mobility treatment along with neuromuscular facilitation which enables activation of the right muscles required to provide proper strength and endurance as required. It also enhances motor control to facilitate proper co-ordination necessary for posture and mobility.