Causes and Risk Factors for Vertigo

Vertigo is a common ailment that affects a large number of people every year. And although it isn’t a life-threatening condition, it can affect the quality of life substantially. Vertigo is a sense of rotation, rocking, moving, or spinning experienced even when someone is perfectly still. Movement of the head or body can worsen vertigo symptoms, which include lightheadedness, nausea, or vomiting. When vertigo occurs, it may last for hours or even days before resolving.

What are the reasons for Vertigo?

Vertigo causes are several, and include:

  • Central nervous system issues such as stroke or tumor
  • Cervical spine issues
  • Vascular impairment
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Vestibular neuritis
  • Inner-ear infections
  • BPPV or “loose crystals”
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What is BPPV Vertigo?

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common vertigo causes, and can be characterized by the sudden sensation that you're spinning or that your head is spinning inside. BPPV often is described as brief episodes of dizziness, ranging from mild to intense, and is often triggered by changes in the position of your head, turning over in bed, or sitting up quickly.

BPPV symptoms are due to displaced crystals of calcium, called otoconia, that have collected within a part of the inner ear. Head movements cause the displaced otoconia to shift, sending false signals to the brain.


The signs and symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) may include:

  • Dizziness
  • A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo)
  • A loss of balance or unsteadiness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Risk factors

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo occurs most often in people age 50 and older but can occur at any age.
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is also more common in women than in men.
  • A head injury or any other disorder of the balance organs of your ear may make you more susceptible to BPPV.

Causes of cervicogenic vertigo

Cervicogenic vertigo dizziness is one of the types of vertigo, commonly known as Cervical Vertigo. Cervical Vertigo is related to the cervical spine.

Risk factors

  • Head and neck injury, such as whiplash.
  • Sports injury
  • Arthritis
  • Surgery
  • Poor Posture


  • Lightheadedness,
  • Floating feeling
  • Unsteadiness walking
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Loss of coordination
  • Loss of balance · Headache
  • Ear pain
  • Ringing in ears
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty concentrating

How FMTTM Helps?

FMTTM is a comprehensive system of evaluation and treatment through hands-on techniques. This approach is based on three pillars: mechanical capacity, neuromuscular capacity, and motor control. Evaluation of the patient based on these pillars not only ensures detailed assessment but also helps to find out the root cause of Vertigo.

Vertigo treatment includes Balance training, Gait training, Muscle re-training, Manual techniques for BPPV and cervicogenic vertigo, Vestibular rehabilitation, Postural training.

Vestibular Rehabilitation treats a broad spectrum of balance dysfunctions including vertigo, imbalance, and dizziness.

We perform a variety of tests to narrow down what may be causing their vertigo symptoms and evaluate a patient’s balance, vision, coordination, neck, strength, and most importantly the description of their specific complaints or difficulties.